What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language—despite at least average intelligence. Longitudinal studies on reading failure have estimated that up to 20% of the population have some level of dyslexia, mild to severe.
And thanks to over 25 years of research by a branch of the National Institutes of Health, we now have a research-based definition of dyslexia.
Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.
Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate
instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may
occur together with these conditions.
Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully
to timely and appropriate intervention.
Revised definition from the International Dyslexia Association
Dyslexic students have difficulty sounding out an unknown word and thus struggle in reading often “hitting the wall” when they can no longer predict the story line. Spelling for these individuals is extremely difficult. They may be able to study and pass a spelling test but not remember the words at a later time. Dyslexics can also have attention problems.
Schools assess students who struggle… for learning disabilities and often only qualify them for services when they are severely behind, and have struggled for years. Often, once the child receives services it is too little… too late.
Dyslexic children who do NOT qualify just “fall through the cracks,” struggling with all academic tasks, becoming more and more frustrated as time passes. That is why it is important to get intervention for these students early.
informative websites on dyslexia
an informative book on dyslexia
by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.